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Goriyapal The Tribal Village

Goriyapal (The Tribal Village)
by Jitendra Nakka


In the fairy tales, you would have heard about voyage of adventurous valleys and mountains of some places. Let me tell you sometimes dreams come true. Way back, to the south of State of Chhattisgarh, in the district of Bastar, we can find one such a place. It is called Kanger Valley National Park. This park being a shelter for lot of flora and fauna, supports a lot of tribes who are the inhabitants of the place from their primitive life. One such habitat of this tribes is GORIYAPAL, which is a Van Gram (forest village).


When and How To Reach?
The Kanger Valley National park , being the most desirable project of Chhattisgarh, as the government want to develop it as the third biggest Butterfly park of India, invites a lot of tourists from all part of the country and world. Its head quarter, Jagdalpur is directly connected to Hyderabad(NH-16) and Raipur(NH-43) by Bus Route. It is also connected to Vishakhapatnam and Bhubaneswar by train route.


For reaching Goriyapal, one should contact the District Forest office for the permission and tickets of the route of Kailash Caves (that’s another wonderful gift of Kanger valley) as it has been considered as a reserved forest area. Goriyapal lies to the South-Eest of the District Head Quarter, Jagdalpur, nearly 29 kilometers away from it, on the way of Kailash Caves in Kanger Valley National Park.

Tourists can have their lodging and boarding at Jagdalpur. Here a lot of hotels are available with good lodging facilities like Hotel Aakanksha, Hotel Rainbow, Hotel Atithi, Hotel Devansh Residency.
Tribal Village
Photo : Courtyards of the huts of the Village (Photograph by : Jitendra Nakka)

This National Park and the village Goriyapal is best approachable in the month of summers and winters between November to June.


Salient Features:

As the Kanger Valley National Park is conserved as the reserve forest, and covers the areas of Machkote, Jagdalpur and Darbha forest ranges, this national Park is full of God’s gifts like steep and gentle mountains, beautiful valleys, inviting rivers, the cascades and rapids of waterfalls, a plenty of flora and fauna and a everlasting greenery. It also serves the purpose of shelter and adaptation for one of the most primitive and rarer schedule tribe of Bastar and India. One such tribe is the Dhurwa tribe, who like to live only on the Bank of River Shabri (which flows in the South-East border of Bastar Division) and like to live in the Van Gram (forest village) of Goriyapal.
Tribal Hut
Photo: A Dhurwa House (Photograph by: Jitendra Nakka)
The village, being in the south of Kanger valley is actually a depressed low-land or better to say, a valley like region, surrounded by mounts or hills from all the sides of village. The people are so innocent as they still maintain their primitive customs and traditions. The products from the forests are the chief source of earning their livelihood. As we know, Bastar has got its name for its fame of abundance of Bamboo trees (called Bans in Hindi), the major occupation of the native villagers is the preparation of Bamboo and other forest products.

Tribe Working
Photo: A Dhurwa Woman making Patri (also called as Pattal) which we normally know as plates made of leaves (generally teak leaves are used) (Photograph by: Jitendra Nakka)

Tribe Art

Photo: A Dhurwa man starting to prepare buckets and charts ( called Tookni and Chataayi in the local language by native villagers.) (Photograph by: Jitendra Nakka)


Agriculture:


As gifted by the God, nature has provided this village all the fundamental facilities. Even being away from the direct contact of any river source, the village is provided with a good amount of ground water which is in confined condition, so the villagers there, enjoy water as they are in semi-artesian condition.
This water condition, serves better for the sloping depressed lands for the natural growth of Sarso plants as meadows. They basically cultivate the crops of paddy and other local vegetables.
Sarso Plant
Photo: Sloping Meadows of Sarso Plants (Photograph by: Jitendra Nakka)


Sarso Plant
Photo: Sloping Meadows of Sarso Plants (Photograph by: Jitendra Nakka)

Dhurwa Tribe
Photo: Origin of Confined ground water (behind the Dhurwa boy)

Dhurwa womanPhoto: A Dhurwa woman caring her son
(Photograph by: Jitendra Nakka)

Some other posts you can have a look are  Tribal Culture and Tribal Community of Chhattisgarh...

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